Trapezoids are two-dimensional geometric figures enclosed by four sides having a pair of sides parallel to each other and another non-parallel. Want to learn all about trapezoids? In this article, we’ve discussed the basic concept and properties of trapezoids including their meaning, types, and formulas.
A trapezoid is a two-dimensional quadrilateral (having four sides) enclosed by two parallel sides. The other name for a trapezoid is a trapezium. The parallel sides of the trapezium are its bases and non-parallel sides are described as legs or lateral sides. The altitude of the trapezoid is the shortest distance between its two parallel sides.
There are three types of trapezoid:
When calculating the area of trapezoid, first, the average of the two parallel sides (bases) is computed and then it is multiplied by the altitude (height). The mathematical formula to calculate the area of trapezium is as follows:
Area = 1/2 (a+b) h
For calculating the perimeter of the trapezoid, the sum of all its sides is computed. Therefore, for a trapezium having sides A, B, C, and D, the mathematical formula to calculate the perimeter of the trapezium is as follows:
Perimeter = A + B + C + D
The below-given are some properties of trapezoids:
Going through the above-given article will help you to learn every concept of trapezoids including the perimeter and area of a trapezoid. Cuemath is the world’s leading educational platform that offers after-school live classes for math and reasoning. If you have any doubts related to the above-described concept then you can learn all about trapezoids via this specific platform.
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